A report is a quite specific genre of academic writing that requires certain rules to be applied during the writing process. Mostly, the report is written about a certain research, project, experiment or an internship. Here are the basic hints, which one should consider for the successful report completion.
- Writing for reading.
Despite the genre of writing and the specification for it, consider the fact that you are writing to be read. In a hurry, we can often forget that the paper that we are working on is going to be checked by someone. Let your report be pleasant to look at and to pore over. Every sentence and phrase in your report must make sense. Avoid wordiness and repetitions, the more precise you are the valuable your thought it.
- Every section's outline.
The report is a piece of writing that requires you to structure the ideas properly. To make sure that your flow is clear and precise try to make outlines for every sections of your paper. By sections we mean such parts as introduction, abstract, background, results etc. They might contain subsections with specifications that you can outline, as well. If you plan to include some massive paragraphs with a lot of points try to write the outline for them too. This is how you will be able to ensure that your work is well-structured and in the right order.
- Must-have parts.
There are the sections, which you must include in your report. Consider that if you omit any of them you may lose some points and not get the desired grade.
- The very first parts, which the reader will check (but you might write them in the last turn) are the report’s title and an abstract. Make sure that they are concise and meaningful as they should accumulate the general idea of your whole report.
- An introduction is the next part to include in your report. It sets the problem, assesses its significance, states the challenges for its solutions and summarized the results.
- Also, students, are told to include a background section that might be necessary for the readers, which are not familiar with the problem.
- Next part is related works with the indications of previous reviews of this research issue.
- The sections to write next are main parts, results and conclusions.
- Report’s refinements.
In case you use figures in your report make sure that they are correct and true. Do not avoid the stage of revision as sometimes the second look on the paper is crucial for its future fate. It may happen that you have made a spelling mistake that might make you feel uncomfortable (it happens really often!). It is a good idea to give your report to the friend (better to choose a geeky and attentive one) to get it checked as some mistakes might be invisible to you since you are the author of the work. If you have a chance to get the report revised by a professor first without being graded do not miss it.